Beetroot (BEETR00T), also known as beet head, red cabbage head, by the growth in the Mediterranean coast called a sea beetroot root of the evolution of wild plants. Beetroot red flame like fire, also known as the flame dish. Beetroot has a long history as a food, and it contains mineral compounds and plant compounds that are unique to beetroot, and these compounds are resistant to infection, increase cell oxygen levels, treat blood diseases, liver diseases and immune system disorders. Beetroot This vegetable contains very good folic acid on the human body, and this element is one of the important substances to prevent anemia, and there are anti-cancer, to prevent the role of hypertension, Alzheimer's disease. In the ancient British traditional medical methods, beetroot is an important drug for the treatment of blood diseases, known as the "root of life"
Morphological characteristics / beetroot
Straight root system. The hypocotyls and the main root of the upper part of the formation of the fleshy root, the internal multi-layer formation layer, each layer inlaid inward division of the xylem, outward part of the phloem, the formation of vascular bundle ring, ring and ring between
parenchyma cells The Fleshy root has spherical, oblate, oval, spindle-shaped, conical, etc., to the best round shape of the round. Stem shortening. In the oval, shiny, with long petiole, are purple. Panicles, completely floral, sepals 4-5, petals 5, yellow, stamens 4-5. Cross flower pollination, pollinated bracts and calyx persistent, wrapped in fruit. Seeds round, 1000 weight of 13.26 grams.
Ecological habits / beetroot Fresh beetroot slices Fresh beetroot slices Root beet is a biennial plant. The first year of vegetative growth, the formation of product organs, grow into hypertrophy of the root of the sugar beet root. The second year bolted flowering seeds. Root beet adaptability is very strong, more cold, but also more heat. Growth temperature is 12 ~ 26 ℃. Seedling frost resistant. Through the vernalization stage of the appropriate temperature of 2 ~ 6 ℃, 30 to 80 days to complete. Through the vernalization stage, in the 20 ~ 25 ℃ temperature and long sunshine conditions under the bolting, flowering, seed. In the case of Root beets are suitable for cultivation of organic matter, loose, moist, well-drained loam, sandy loam or clay loam. Suitable for the 6.5 ~ 7, not suitable for acidic soil, slightly alkaline soil can grow and develop. The concentration of soil solution is not sensitive, the seedling stage can tolerate 1% of the soil solution concentration, the larger plants can tolerate 1.5% of the soil solution concentration. Fleshy root enlargement period requires more water supply, should be kept moist soil conditions. Pregnancy requires more nitrogen, in the late need more potassium, the need for more uniform phosphorus.
Nutritional Effects / Beetroot
The study found that beetroot has a significant effect on the health of the human body The study found that the beetroot has a significant effect on the health of the human body Beet root also contains iodine ingredients, the prevention of goiter and prevention of atherosclerosis have a certain effect. Beetroot root and leaves contain a betaine ingredient, is the other vegetables are not, it has and choline, lecithin biochemical pharmacological function, is an effective regulator of metabolism, can accelerate the body's absorption of protein to improve the liver Features. Beetroot also contains a saponin, it has the intestinal cholesterol into a difficult to absorb the mixed material and discharge. Beetroot also contains a considerable amount of magnesium, there is regulation of softening of the hardening of blood vessels and to prevent the formation of thrombosis in the blood vessels, the treatment of hypertension has an important role. Beet root also contains a lot of cellulose and pectin ingredients, according to the study found to have a factor against gastric ulcer disease function. In the medical practice there are diarrhea function can eliminate excess water in the abdomen, relieve bloating. Due to iron, copper, manganese and other elements, but also the treatment of anemia and style diseases.
Beet root contains iodine in the composition of the prevention of goiter and prevention of atherosclerosis have a certain effect. Beetroot also contains a considerable amount of magnesium, which regulates the hardening of softened blood vessels and prevents the formation of thrombus, which plays an important role in the treatment of hypertension. Beetroot also contains a lot of cellulose and pectin ingredients, according to the study found to have anti-gastric ulcer disease function.